Polyovary syndrome (PCOS), or polycystic ovarian syndrome, or Stein-Leventhal syndromeis a common health problem caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones creating problem in the ovaries. The ovaries make the egg that is released each month as part of a healthy menstrual cycle. Females with PCOS, the egg may not develop or may not be released during ovulation. PCOS can cause missed or irregular menstrual periods. Women between age of 15 to 40 years may have PCOS.

PCOS's principal signs and symptoms are related to menstrual disturbances and elevated levels of male hormones (androgens). Menstrual disturbances can include-delay of normalmenstruation amenorrhea),presence of fewer than normal menstrual period( oligomenorrhea)

Symptoms –

  1. Irregular menstrual cycle - Women with PCOS may miss periods or have fewer periods
  2. Too much hair on the face, chin, or parts of the body
  3. Acne on the face, chest, and upper back
  4. Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  5. Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  6. Skin darkening of skin, particularly along neck creases, in the groin, and underneath breasts
  7. Tummy (abdominal) pain.

Diagnosis –

The diagnosis of PCOS can be done with physician taking the medical history.
  1. Physical examination – measuring the BMI ( body mass index)
  2. reducing stress
  3. Pelvic ultrasound
  4. avoiding certain foods
  5. Blood tests